Lessons from the Leucovorin Shortages Between 2009 and 2012 in a Medicare Advantage Population: Where Do We Go from Here?
Three distinct shortages of the generic drug leucovorin, a reduced form of folic acid used in several chemotherapy regimens, were reported by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) between 2008 and 2014. Levoleucovorin, an alternative therapy to leucovorin, failed to demonstrate superiority over leucovorin in clinical trials and is substantially more expensive.
Drug Shortages Are Costly to Patients and to Payers
Offering Lung Cancer Screening to High-Risk Medicare Beneficiaries Saves Lives and Is Cost-Effective: An Actuarial Analysis
Ellynne Dec, ASA, MAAA, Claudia I. Henschke, PhD, MD, David F. Yankelevitz, MD, Rowena Yip, MPH, Bruce Pyenson, FSA, MAAA
By a wide margin, lung cancer is the most significant cause of cancer death in the United States and worldwide. The incidence of lung cancer increases with age, and Medicare beneficiaries are often at increased risk. Because of its demonstrated effectiveness in reducing mortality, lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) imaging will be covered without cost-sharing starting January 1, 2015, by nongrandfathered commercial plans. Medicare is considering coverage for lung cancer screening.
Cost-Effectiveness and the Medicare Budget
Impact of Linaclotide Treatment on Work Productivity and Activity Impairment in Adults with Irritable Bowel Syndrome with Constipation: Results from 2 Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Phase 3 Trials
Jessica L. Buono, MPH, Robyn T. Carson, MPH, Jeffrey M. Johnston, MD, Phil Sarocco, RPh, MSc, Stavros Tourkodimitris, PhD
Irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C), a chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder, has been shown to negatively affect work productivity and impair daily activity, resulting in a substantial burden for patients and employers. Linaclotide is a first-in-class guanylate cyclase-C agonist approved for the treatment of adults with IBS-C and chronic idiopathic constipation in the United States.
Patient-Reported Outcomes Matter
True managed care is based on the notion of an integrated delivery system, an industrialized system of care designed to enhance population, as well as individual health status. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the philosophy embodied in the Triple Aim (ie, the triangle of care, population health, and costs)1 are leading the evolution toward the integrated delivery system and away from the component-based episode of care strategy or the fee-for-service method, where goods and services are applied and reimbursed individually, usually during an episode of sick care.
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