Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) refers to isolates that are resistant to ß-lactam antibiotics (including penicillins and cephalosporins).1 According to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI), MRSA is defined as isolates with a methicillin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ≥4 µg/mL; however, S aureus already is considered nonsusceptible to oxacillin if the MIC is >2 µg/mL.2
Prevention and Control of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Partial Compliance with Antipsychotics Increases Mental Health Hospitalizations in Schizophrenic Patients: Analysis of a National Managed Care Database
Medication noncompliance is considered to be the single most important factor leading to relapse among patients with schizophrenia.1 One meta-analysis of maintenance antipsychotic treatment found that noncompliance causes about 40% of relapses.2 The advent of newer, second-generation oral antipsychotics has had a greater impact on efficacy than on adherence.
Encouraging Compliance Key for Positive Outcomes in Schizophrenia/Chronic Diseases
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia, increases in prevalence exponentially with age, and the trend of growing incidence of the disease is likely to continue in the United States. Alzheimer's dementia is a common, acquired disorder that is manifested as slowly progressive memory loss with at least 1 cognitive dysfunction (ie, aphasia, apraxia, agnosia, or executive dysfunction) and resulting in impaired occupational and social performance.
The Challenge of Value-Based Benefit Design in Alzheimer's Disease
Cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality and one of the leading causes of disability worldwide.1 In the United States alone, more than 80 million adults have at least one type of CVD, with hypertension, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and heart failure among the most common forms of the disease. Elevated levels of cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia) and abnormal lipid profiles (dyslipidemia) are important risk factors for CVD.
Experts Debate Meaning of JUPITER for Clinical Practice
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic and devastating disease, affecting 8% of the US population.1 Despite recent advances in diagnostic and therapeutic options, the incidence of diabetes continued to rise in 2007. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 24 million Americans are currently diagnosed with diabetes, an increase of 3 million over the past 2 years, and another 57 million are classified as having prediabetes.1 About one third of the people with diabetes remain undiagnosed.
Evidence-Based Diabetes Management
Jeffery A. Demland, MS, Yonghua Jing, BPharm, PhD, Christina M. L. Kelton, PhD, Jeff Jianfei Guo, MS, BPharm, PhD, Hong Li, PhD, Patricia R. Wigle, PharmD
Bipolar disorder (BPD) is a chronic, recurrent psychiatric illness characterized by episodes of bothmania and depression. It is estimated that up to 2.6% of the US adult population is affected by this disorder,1 and that the lifetime prevalence rate for bipolar spectrum disorders ranges from 3.0% to 6.5%.2 Direct treatment costs are sizable, at $11,600 per patient-year.3 Medication is an essential part of successful treatment for BPD.
Health Plans’ Approaches to Managing Appropriate Use of Antipsychotic Drugs
ProvenCare: Geisinger’s Model for Care Transformation through Innovative Clinical Initiatives and Value Creation
Robert Henry: Two recent articles on ProvenCare discussed Geisinger’s innovative approach to patient care.1,2 Could you provide a quick synopsis of ProvenCare, and consider whether this system could help transform US healthcare from a sickness-based to a wellness-based system?
Diabetes mellitus affects 23.6 million Americans, or about 8% of the US population.1 This includes nearly 18 million persons with diagnosed disease and about 5.7 million undiagnosed cases.
Diabetes: An Epidemic of Disastrous Proportions
Michael Katz, PharmD, Joseph Scherger, MD, MPH, Scott Conard, MD, Leslie Montejano, CCRP, Stella Chang, MPH
The prevalence of hypothyroidism in the United States is estimated at 4% to 10%, including undiagnosed cases.1,2 Higher rates have been found in women and the elderly.1,2 The most common causes of hypothyroidism are autoimmune thyroid disease and surgical or radioiodine ablation; only a small percentage of cases result from secondary causes.3,4
Health Insurance Premium Increases for Large Employers
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Results 111 - 120 of 124
Results 111 - 120 of 124